Indian States & UTs

INDIAN STATES (Capital, Principal Languages, Area, Density, Sex Ratio)

Andhra Pradesh: Capital: Hyderabad. Languages: Telugu and Urdu. Area:  1,60,205 sq. km. Population: 5,24,106,53. Density (per sq km): 308. Sex Ratio: 992.

Arunachal Pradesh: Capital: Itanagar. Languages: Nissi/Dafla, Adi Wancho, Monpa, Nocte, Bengali and English. Area: 83,743 sq. km. Population: 1,382,611. Density (per sq km): 17. Sex Ratio: 920.

Assam:  Capital: Pragjyotishpur. Languages: Assamese and Bengali. Area: 78,438 sq. km. Population: 31,169,272. Density (per sq km): 397. Sex Ratio: 954.

Bihar: Capital: Patna. Language: Hindi. Area: 94,164 sq. km. Population: 103,804,637. Density (per sq km): 1102. Sex Ratio: 916.

Chhattisgarh: Capital: Raipur. Language: Hindi. Area: 135,191 sq. km. Population: 25,540,196. Density (per sq km): 189. Sex Ratio: 991.

Goa: Capital: Panaji. Languages: Marathi, Konkani and Gujarati. Population: 1,457,723. Density (per sq km): 394. Sex Ratio: 968.

Gujarat: Capital: Gandhinagar. Language: Gujarati. Area: 1,96,024 sq. km. Population: 60,383,628. Density (per sq km): 308. Sex Ratio: 918.

Haryana: Capital: Chandigarh. Language: Hindi. Area: 44,212 sq. km. Population: 25,353,081. Density (per sq km): 573. Sex Ratio: 877.

Himachal Pradesh: Capital: Shimla. Languages: Hindi and Pahari. Area: 55,673 sq. km. Population: 6,856,509. Density (per sq km): 123. Sex Ratio: 974.

Jammu and Kashmir: Capital: Srinagar (Summer), Jammu (Winter). Languages: Kashmiri, Dogri, Urdu, Ladakhi, Balti, Dardiro and Pahari. Area: 2,22,236 sq. km. (2,22,236—provisional geographical Area); of this 78,114 sq. km. is under illegal occupation of Pakistan and 5,180 illegally handed over by Pakistan to China and 37,555 sq. km. under illegal occupation of China. Population: 12,548,926. Density (per sq km): 56. Sex Ratio: 883.

Jharkhand: Capital: Ranchi.  Language: Hindi. Area: 179,714 sq. km.

Population: 32,966,238. Density (per sq km): 414. Sex Ratio: 947.

Karnataka: Capital: Bengaluru. Language: Kannada. Area: 1,91,791 sq. km. Population: 61,130,704. Density (per sq km): 319. Sex Ratio: 968.

Kerala:  Capital: Thiruvanthapuram. Language: Malayalam. Area: 38,863 sq. km. Population: 33,387,677. Density (per sq km): 859. Sex Ratio: 1084.

Madhya Pradesh: Capital: Bhopal. Language: Hindi. Area: 308,144 sq. km.  Population: 72,597,565. Density (per sq km): 236. Sex Ratio: 930.

Maharashtra: Capital: Mumbai. Language: Marathi. Area: 3,07,690 sq. km. Population: 112,372,972. Density (per sq km): 365. Sex Ratio: 946.

Manipur: Capital: Imphal. Language: Manipuri. Area: 22,327 sq. km. Population: 2,721,756. Density (per sq km): 122. Sex Ratio: 987.

Meghalaya: Capital: Shillong. Languages: Khasi, Jaintia and Garo. Area: 22,429 sq. km. Population: 2,964,007. Density (per sq km): 132. Sex Ratio: 986.

Mizoram: Capital: Aizawl. Languages: Mizo and English. Area: 21,081 sq. km. Population: 1,091,014. Density (per sq km): 52. Sex Ratio: 975.

Nagaland: Capital: Kohima. Languages: Ao, Konyak, Angami, Sema and Lotha. Area: 16,579 sq. km. Population: 1,980,602. Density (per sq km): 119. Sex Ratio: 931.

Odisha: Capital: Bhubaneswar. Language: Odia. Area: 1,55,707 sq. km. Population: 41,947,358. Density (per sq km): 269. Sex Ratio: 978.

Punjab:  Capital:  Chandigarh. Language: Punjabi. Area: 50,362 sq. km. Population: 27,704,236. Density (per sq km): 550. Sex Ratio: 893.

Rajasthan:  Capital: Jaipur. Languages: Rajasthani and Hindi. Area: 3,42,239 sq. km. Population: 68,621,012. Density (per sq km): 201. Sex Ratio: 926.

Sikkim:  Capital: Gangtok. Languages: Lepcha, Bhutia, Hindi, Nepali and Limbu. Area: 7,096 sq. km. Population: 607,688. Density (per sq km): 86. Sex Ratio: 889.

Tamil Nadu: Capital: Chennai. Language: Tamil. Area: 1,30,058 sq. km. Population: 72,138,958. Density (per sq km): 555. Sex Ratio: 995.

Telengana: Capital: Hyderabad. Language: Telugu & Urdu. Area: 1,14,863 sq. Km. Population: 3,22,54,880. Density (per sq km): 310. Sex Ratio: 992

Tripura: Capital: Agartala. Language: Bengali. Area: 10,486 sq. km. Population:  3,671,032. Density (per sq km): 350. Sex Ratio: 961.

Uttarkhand: Capital: Dehradun (provisional); Language: Hindi, Area: 53,483 sq. km. Population: 10,116,752. Density (per sq km): 189. Sex Ratio: 963.

Uttar Pradesh:  Capital: Lucknow. Language: Hindi. Area: 2,38,566 sq. km. Population: 199,581,477. Density (per sq km): 828. Sex Ratio: 908.

West Bengal:  Capital: Kolkata. Language: Bengali. Area: 87,752 sq. km. Population: 91,347,736. Density (per sq km): 1029. Sex Ratio: 947.


Andaman & Nicobar Islands: Capital: Port Blair. Languages: Bengali, Hindi, Nicobarese, Tamil and Malayalam. Area: 8,249 sq. km. Population: 379,944. Density (per sq km): 46. Sex Ratio: 878.

Chandigarh: Capital: Chandigarh. Languages: Punjabi and Hindi. Area: 114 sq. km. Population: 1,054,686. Density (per sq km): 9252. Sex Ratio: 818.

Dadra & Nagar Haveli: Capital: Silvassa. Languages: Bhili/Bhildoli, Gujarati and Hindi. Area: 491 sq. km. Population: 342,853. Density (per sq km): 698. Sex Ratio: 775.

Daman & Diu: Capital: Daman. Languages: Marathi and Gujarati. Area: 112 sq. km. Population: 242,911. Density (per sq km): 2169. Sex Ratio: 618.

Lakshadweep: Capital: Kavaratti. Language: Malayalam. Area: 32 sq. km. Population: 64,429.  Density (per sq km): 2013. Sex Ratio: 946.

The Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi group of islands were renamed as Lakshadweep in 1973. Lakshadweep is a group of coral islands consisting of 12 atolls, three reefs and submerged sand banks. Of the 36 islands, only 11 are inhabited. These lie scattered in the Arabian Sea, about 280 km to 480 km off Kerala coast.

Puducherry:  Capital: Puducherry. Languages: Tamil and French. Area: 492 sq. km. Population: 1,244,464. Density (per sq km): 2598. Sex Ratio: 1038.


Delhi: Capital: Delhi. Languages: Hindi, Punjabi and Urdu. Area: 1,483 sq. km. Population: 16,753,235. Density (per sq km): 9340. Sex Ratio: 866.

  • Arunachal Pradesh has a strategic location bordering Bhutan, Myanmar and China.

  • Odisha has its longest border with Andhra Pradesh.

  • Uttar Pradesh has the highest population (16.44% of total population).

  • Sikkim has the lowest population (0.05% of total population).

  • Among Union Territories Delhi has the highest population while Lakshadweep has the lowest population.