Three Gorges Dam: The $ 25 billion dam has been built on Yangtze river in China. It has created a 600 km long reservoir. The 2,309 m long and 181 m high dam is designed to generate 18,200 MW electricity.
Chunnel tunnel project: Britain was united with the rest of the Europe, 130 feet under the sea-bed of the English Channel on December 1, 1990. Man was able to walk from Britain to Europe for the first time since the ice age.
World’s longest tunnel: A giant drilling machine punched its way through a final section of Alpine rock on October 15, 2010 to complete the world’s longest tunnel, after 15 years of construction. The 57 km high-speed rail link forms the lynch-pin of a new rail network between northern and south-eastern Europe. It is the third tunnel to be built through the snowbound St Gotthard area and is 3 km longer than a rail link between two Japanese islands, earlier record holder at 53.8 km.
Longest optical cable system laid: SEA-ME-WE-2 (South East Asia-Middle East-Western Europe-2) is the world’s longest optical fibre submarine cable system ever laid. Stretching 18,190 km from Singapore to Marseille in France, SEA-ME-WE-2 links 13 countries in three continents. The countries are: Singapore, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Djibouti, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Cyprus, Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Italy and France.
Human Genome Project: Hundreds of scientists from USA, Britain, France, Germany, Japan and China are working in 16 centres around the world in this project to decipher the human genetic code. The initiative is led by National Institute of Health, USA. On 26 June 2000, it was announced that a working draft of the human genome is ready. The research is expected to help find solutions to diseases like cancer and genetically triggered diseases.
World’s highest railway: China has built the world’s highest railway network through Tibet to Lhasa. Much of the tracks of the project are located at heights over 12,000 ft.
Segway: Vehicle of tomorrow: This is the world’s first self-balancing human transport. It has been developed by Dean Kamen at a cost of over $ 100 million. The deceptively simple contraption is a revolutionary scooter that has no engine, brakes, throttle, gearshift or a steering wheel.
Aerogel, earth’s lightest solid: Aerogel is pure silicon dioxide or sand like glass, but 1000 times less dense. It is the lightest solid substance ever created. If flattened out, a cubic inch would yield a surface bigger than a football field. The material is an excellent insulator and is already being used in space exploration projects.
World’s Largest Tidal Turbine: The world’s largest tidal turbine, weighing 1000 tonnes, has been installed in Northern Ireland’s Strangford Lough. The tidal turbine is rated at 1.2 megawatts, which is enough to power a thousand local homes. It was built by Marine Current Turbines, and it will be the first commercial tidal turbine to produce energy, when it begins operation later in 2008.
Large Hadron Collider: The Large Hadron Collider is the world’s biggest and most powerful particle accelerator, a 27-km looped pipe that sits in a tunnel 100 metres underground on the Swiss/French border. It cost 3 billion euros to build.
Solar plane: On 7 July 2010, giant glider-like aircraft completed the first night flight propelled only by solar energy. Solar Impulse, whose wingspan is the same as an Airbus A340, flew 26 hours and 9 minutes, powered only by solar energy stored during the day. It was also the longest and highest flight in the history of solar aviation.
World’s fastest train launched by China: On 26 December 2009, China launched what it described as the world’s fastest train, one that can travel at an average speed of 350 kmph. On its inaugural run, the train covered the 1,068 km between Wuhan in central China and Guangzhou in the south in two hours 45 minutes. By comparison, the average for high-speed trains in Japan is 243 kmph, while in France it is 277 kmph.
World’s Largest Building: Though Dubai boasts the tallest building in the world, Chengdu in southwest China is now home to what Chinese officials are calling “the largest building in the world.” Situated in the capital city of Sichuan province, the New Century Global Centre is a colossus of glass and steel. Opened on 28 June 2013 and developed by the Exhibition and Travel Group, the standalone building is large enough to hold 20 Sydney Opera Houses and, with about 5.5 million square feet of floor space, has three times the square footage of the Pentagon in Washington, D.C.
London Array—World’s largest offshore wind farm: The London Array wind power project in the United Kingdom has become the world’s largest offshore wind farm. Previously, the world’s largest offshore wind farm was the 500 MW Greater Gabbard wind power facility off the coast of East Anglia.
Human Connectome Project: The National Institutes of Health, USA’s Human Connectome Project is an ambitious effort to map the neural pathways that underlie human brain function. It will greatly advance the capabilities for imaging and analysing brain connections, resulting in improved sensitivity, resolution, and utility, thereby accelerating progress in the emerging field of human connectomics. Altogether, the project will lead to major advances in our understanding of what makes us uniquely human and will set the stage for future studies of abnormal brain circuits in many neurological and psychiatric disorders.